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Periodontics (gum treatment)

Periodontics in Gurugram aims to control the infection, reduce inflammation, and prevent further damage to the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. The specific treatment plan may vary depending on the severity of the condition and individual patient needs.
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Common components of Periodontics in Gurugram

  1. Professional Dental Cleaning: The first step in treating periodontitis is a professional dental cleaning performed by a dentist or dental hygienist. This procedure, known as scaling and root planing, involves removing plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) from above and below the gum line. It helps to eliminate bacteria and smooth the tooth roots to promote gum reattachment.
  2. Antibiotic Therapy: In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to control the bacterial infection associated with periodontitis. They can be taken orally or applied topically, such as in the form of mouth rinses or gels, to target the bacteria in the gum pockets.
  3. Surgical Procedures: If the periodontitis has advanced and there are deep gum pockets or significant bone loss, surgical intervention may be necessary. Some common surgical procedures include:
    • Flap Surgery: The gums are lifted, and the tartar is removed from the tooth roots. The gum tissue is then sutured back into place, reducing the pocket depth and facilitating better oral hygiene.
    • Bone Grafting: In cases where bone loss has occurred, bone grafts may be performed. This involves adding synthetic or natural bone material to the affected area to promote bone regeneration and support the teeth.
    • Guided Tissue Regeneration: This procedure is used to stimulate the growth of new bone and gum tissue. A barrier membrane is placed between the tooth root and gum tissue to prevent unwanted tissue growth, allowing the bone and gums to regenerate in a controlled manner.
    • Soft Tissue Grafting: If the gums have receded, soft tissue grafts may be used to cover exposed tooth roots. This can improve the appearance of the smile and protect the roots from further damage.
  4. Maintenance and Follow-up: After the initial treatment, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene practices at home, including regular brushing and flossing, to prevent the recurrence of periodontitis. Regular follow-up visits to the dentist are necessary to monitor the condition, perform professional cleanings, and make any necessary adjustments to the treatment plan.
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Frequently asked questions

01. What are the symptoms of periodontitis?
Common symptoms of periodontitis include swollen, red, or tender gums, bleeding gums (especially during brushing or flossing), persistent bad breath, receding gums, loose teeth, and changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
02. How is periodontitis treated?
Treatment for periodontitis usually involves a combination of professional dental cleanings (scaling and root planing), antibiotic therapy, and, in more advanced cases, surgical procedures to remove deep pockets of infection or regenerate lost bone. Maintaining good oral hygiene practices at home, including regular brushing and flossing, is also crucial for managing the condition.
03. Can periodontitis be prevented?
While not all cases of periodontitis can be prevented, practicing good oral hygiene is essential for reducing the risk. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, using mouthwash, and visiting your dentist regularly for professional cleanings and check-ups. Avoiding tobacco use, maintaining a healthy diet, and managing systemic conditions like diabetes can also contribute to prevention.
04. What are the potential complications of untreated periodontitis?
If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to various complications, including tooth loss, chronic bad breath, abscess formation, oral pain, and difficulty chewing. Furthermore, research has suggested potential links between periodontal disease and systemic conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and respiratory illnesses, highlighting the importance of addressing the condition promptly.

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